Business Politics

Dick Cheney

DICK CHENEY

Dick Cheney is the forty-sixth and present Vice President of the United States, and he is recognized as one of the most influential and noteworthy Vice Presidents in the history of the United States.

Cheney has lived a notable career as an entrepreneur and politician, having spent almost his entire career serving the federal government under four administrations. When he was out of office during the Clinton administration, Cheney became the Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Halliburton Company, the giant Texas oil-services corporate entity.

Following the terrorist attacks on the country in September 2001, Cheney helped plan and monitor the war on terrorism and advised President Bush to establish the Office of Homeland Security. He also became a chief advisor of foreign policy and assumed responsibility of the president’s energy policy.

Cheney has a lengthy history of cardiovascular disease and he has survived four heart attacks including a quadruple-bypass surgery in 1988.

BACKGROUND

Richard Bruce Cheney was born on January 30, 1941 in Lincoln, Nebraska to parents Marjorie Lorraine Dickey and Richard Herbert. He basically grew up in Casper, Wyoming and entered Natrona County High School. He obtained his Bachelor of Arts degree in political science from the University of Wyoming; he earned his masters degree from the same university in 1966. Thereafter, he began his doctoral degree at the University of Wisconsin although he wasn’t able to complete it.

In 1964, Cheney married Lynne Vincent, who became chairperson of the National Endowment for the Humanities from 1986 to 1996. The couple has two children.

CAREER

While working on his doctoral degree, Cheney was selected for a one-year fellowship in the office of Wisconsin Governor Warren Knowles.
Cheney’s career in politics started in 1969 when he became a member of the Nixon administration as an intern for Congressman William A. Steiger. In the following years, he served several positions at the Office of Economic Opportunity, under Donald Rumsfeld, at the Cost of Living Council, and inside the White House. To financially secure himself, he also took the position as vice president of Bradley, Woods, & Company, an investment advisory group based in Washington.

When Gerald Ford took on the presidency in 1974, Cheney was part of the transition team and became a Deputy Assistant to the President. In 1975, he served as the White House Chief of Staff. In 1978, Cheney returned to Wyoming and was elected as House Representative of the state, where he was re-elected five times and served for ten years. From 1989 to 1993, he became the Secretary of Defense under President George H.W. Bush.

In 1993, when Bill Clinton took over the Presidential office, Cheney returned to the corporate world, joining the American Enterprise Institute. In 1995, he served as Chairman and CEO of Halliburton Co., a construction and engineering firm in Texas that services oil companies. He left the company in 2000 to head the vice presidential selection committee for George W. Bush. Bush finally selected Cheney to be his running mate. In 2000, Cheney was elected as the Vice President of United States. He got re-elected in 2004.